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Prostate cancer

The information on this page was reviewed and approved by
Maurie Markman, MD, President, Medicine & Science at CTCA.

This page was updated on September 14, 2021.

Prostate cancer treatments may affect your quality of life.

Prostate cancer affects one in nine U.S. men. While a cancer diagnosis can be scary, prostate cancer has high survivor rates, especially when it is caught and treated early. For many prostate cancer patients, the treatment decision is less about choosing a life-saving option and more about protecting their quality of life after treatment. Certain treatments may cause side effects like frequent urination, pelvic pain or erectile dysfunction. That’s why it is important to turn to oncologists with expertise in diagnosing and treating the disease, so they can help you make informed decisions about your care.

Know your options.

At Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA), our cancer hospitals treat prostate cancer with sophisticated tools like 4-D radiation therapy, hormone therapy and immunotherapy. The prostate cancer experts at CTCA® recommend a treatment plan specific to your type of cancer and individual needs. All members of each patient’s care team work together under one roof, treating the cancer while also helping patients manage side effects that may impact bowel, urinary and sexual function.

Concerned about your prostate cancer risk? Take our five-minute risk assessment, and get an action plan based on your answers.

What you should know after a prostate cancer diagnosis

Treatment options


Treatment options vary widely depending on various factors, including the stage, type and progression of the disease. Our prostate cancer experts are trained and experienced in available treatments, and they stay up to date on new and emerging options and technologies. The most common treatments for prostate cancer include:

Active surveillance
Active surveillance, sometimes called watchful waiting, may be an option for some early-stage prostate cancer patients.

Chemotherapy is most often recommended for recurrent or advanced-stage prostate cancer patients.

Hormone therapy
Hormone therapy may be used in treatment to stop testosterone from fueling tumor growth.

Immunotherapy may be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as radiation therapy and hormone therapy.

Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy options such as brachytherapy, external beam radiation therapy and stereotactic radiosurgery may be an option for some patients.

Surgical treatments for prostate cancer are designed to remove the tumor, either through open surgery or robotic surgery.

Learn more about treatments for prostate cancer

​Supportive care

Prostate cancer treatments are especially concerning for men, because they often impair their ability to have sex, urinate or perform other key life functions. That’s why a treatment plan that includes side effect management is important for patients’ quality of life and overall well-being. Supportive care services, for example, may help ease the pain, erectile dysfunction and other challenges that may result from surgery or radiation therapy. Supportive care therapies recommended for prostate cancer patients may include:


​Pain management

Pain management is a branch of medicine focused on reducing pain and improving quality of life through an integrative approach to care.


Behavioral health

​Our behavioral health support program is designed to support you and your caregivers before, during and after cancer treatment.


​Survivorship support

​Whether you are at one of our hospitals, or at home in between visits, CTCA is here to help. Members of your care team are only a phone call away.

Learn more

Keith R.

Prostate Cancer

"My experience was really positive because I sensed that everyone I interacted with truly cared about me. From the doctors, clinicians and nurses to the cafeteria workers, valet and custodial employees, I was treated with warmth and dignity. At CTCA, they knew I was as a patient, but they treated me like a family member. They wanted to see me get better; they wanted me to heal. "


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